Eni is an Italian multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Rome. Considered one of the seven "supermajor" oil companies in the world, it has operations in 66 countries. The Italian government owns a 30.303% golden share in the company, 3.934% held through the state treasury and 26.369% through the Cassa Depositi e Prestiti. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.
The name "ENI" was initially the acronym of "Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi" (National Hydrocarbons Authority). Through the years after its foundation however, it operated in many fields including contracting, nuclear power, energy, mining, chemicals and plastics, refining/extraction and distribution machinery, hospitality industry and even the textile industry and news.
In 2020, Eni ranked 113 on the Fortune Global 500 list by revenue and 24th in the energy sector. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, Eni was ranked as the 468th -largest public company in the world.