The Brookings Institution, often referred to simply as Brookings, is an American research group founded in 1916 on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C.It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics (and tax policy), metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, global economy, and economic development.Its stated mission is to "provide innovative and practical recommendations that advance three broad goals: strengthen American democracy; foster the economic and social welfare, security and opportunity of all Americans; and secure a more open, safe, prosperous, and cooperative international system."Brookings has five research programs at its Washington, D.C. campus (Economic Studies,Foreign Policy,Governance Studies,Global Economy and Development,and Metropolitan Policy)and three international centers based in Doha, Qatar (Brookings Doha Center);Beijing, China (Brookings-Tsinghua Center for Public Policy);and New Delhi, India (Brookings India).
The University of Pennsylvania's Global Go To Think Tank Index Report has named Brookings "Think Tank of the Year" and "Top Think Tank in the World" every year since 2008. The Economist describes Brookings as "perhaps America’s most prestigious think-tank."Brookings states that its staff "represent diverse points of view" and describes itself as non-partisan,and various media outlets have alternately described Brookings as centrist,liberal,or right-wing.An academic analysis of congressional records from 1993 to 2002 found that Brookings was referred to by conservative politicians almost as frequently as liberal politicians, earning a score of 53 on a 1–100 scale, 100 representing the most liberal score.The same study found Brookings to be the most frequently cited think tank by the U.S. media and politicians.